Sports Hypnosis Research
One of the central aims of the Centre for Sports Hypnosis is to provide a central resource for the growing amount of research into sports hypnosis and related fields. Some of this research can be found below.
Using hypnosis, technique refinement and self-modeling to enhance self-efficacy: A case study in cricket. Barker, J. B., & Jones, M. V. (2006). The Sport Psychologist, 20, 94-110. Abstract
Collegiate athletes’ perceptions and attitudes towards hypnosis. Barker, J. B., Jones, M. V., Greenlees, I. (2005). Journal of Sports Sciences, 23, 1238-1239. Abstract
Using hypnosis and technique refinement to enhance self-efficacy in a cricket leg spin bowler. Barker, J. B., & Jones, M. V. (2005). Journal of Sport Sciences, 23, 176-177. Abstract
Using hypnosis to increase self-efficacy: A case study in elite judo. Barker, J.B., & Jones, M. V. (2005). Sport & Exercise Psychology Review, 1, 36-42.
The effects of hypnosis on flow and in the performance enhancement of basketball skills. Vasquez, B. (2005). Thesis (Ph. D.) Washington State University, December 2005. Includes bibliographical references (p. 120-138). Abstract
The hypnotic belay in alpine mountaineering: the use of self-hypnosis for the resolution of sports injuries and for performance enhancement.Morton PA. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 2003 Jul;46(1):45-51. Abstract
The use of Hypnosis in developing self-confidence and enhancing performance in leg spin bowling. Barker, J. B., & Jones, M. V. Paper presented at the English Cricket Board (ECB) Medicine and Science in Cricket Conference, Loughborough, UK (September, 2003).
Hypnosis, the brain, and sports: Salient Findings. Nash MR. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 2002 Jul;50(3):282-5. Abstract
Pates, J., Maynard, I., & Westbury, T. (2001) An investigation into the effects of hypnosis on basketball performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 13(1), 84-102.
Enhancing imagery through hypnosis: a performance aid for athletes. Liggett DR. Wilmington College, Ohio., USA. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 2000 Oct;43(2):149-57. Abstract
Effects of hypnosis on flow states and golf performance. Pates J, Maynard I. Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, South Yorkshire. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2000 Dec;91(3 Pt 2):1057-75. Abstract
Pates. J, & Westbury, T. (2000). The effects of hypnosis on free-throw performance. Journal of Sport Sciences, 18, 56
Pates, J., Maynard, I., & Westbury, T. (2000). The effects of hypnosis on three point shooting performance in basketball players. Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology Annual Conference, Nashville, Tennessee. October 2000
Pates, J., & Westbury, T. (1999). The effects of hypnosis on jump shooting performance. Presented at European College of Sport Sciences Conference, Rome, July 1999.
Grove, J. R., & Lewis, M. A. (1996). Hypnotic susceptibility and the attainment of flowlike states during exercise. Journal of Sports and Exercise Physiology, 18(4), 380-391.
Robazza, C., & Bortoli, L. (1995). A case study of improved performance in archery using hypnosis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 81, 1364-1366.
Oakley, D. A., Norell, S. K., & Cripps, B. D. (1995). Exercise, mood and hypnotic susceptibility in a sports context. Contemporary Hypnosis, 12(2), 125-130.
Hypnosis in sport: an Isomorphic Model. Robazza C, Bortoli L.Istituto Italiano Studi di Ipnosi Clinica e Psicoterapia H. Bernheim Scuola di ricerca e formazione, Verona, Italia. Perceptual and Motor Skills.1994 Oct;79(2):963-73. Abstract
Stanton, H. E. (1994). Sports imagery and hypnosis: A potent mix. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 22(2), 119-124
Collins, D., Doherty, M., & Talbot, S. (1993). Performance enhancement in motocross: A case study of the sport science team in action. Sports Psychologist, 7(3), 290-297.
Enhancing the visualization of gymnasts. Liggett DR, Hamada S. Stanford University. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1993 Jan;35(3):190-7. Abstract
McMaster, N. (1993). Behaviour modification with hypnotic visualisation, the mental side of golf: A case history. Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis, 14(1),-17-22.
Taylor, J., Horevitz, R., & Balague, G. (1993). The use of hypnosis in applied sport psychology. Sport Psychologist, 7(1), 58-78. Abstract
Hypnosis, Ericksonian hypnotherapy, and Aikido. Windle R, Samko M. Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1992 Apr;34(4):261-70. Abstract
Masters, K. S. (1992). Hypnotic susceptibility, cognitive dissociation, and runner’s high in a sample of marathon runners. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 34(3), 193-201. Abstract
Cancio, L.C. (1991). Stress and trance in freefall parachuting: A pilot study. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 33(4), 225-234.
Onestak, D. M. (1991). The effects of progressive relaxation, mental practice, and hypnosis on athletic performance: A review. Journal of Sport Behavior, 14(4), 247-282.
Schreiber, E. H. (1991). Using hypnosis to improve performance of college basketball players. Perceptual & Motor Skill, 72(2), 536-538.
Braybrooke, Z. (1988). Sports motivation in a case of a sixty year old woman. Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy & Hypnosis, 9(1), 25-28.
Wojcikiewicz, A., & Orlick, T. (1987). The effects of post-hypnotic suggestion and relaxation with suggestion on competitive fencing anxiety and performance. International Journal of Sports Psychology, 18(4), 303-313.
Changes in the self concept and athletic performance of weight lifters through a cognitive-hypnotic approach: an empirical study. Howard WL, Reardon JP. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1986 Apr;28(4):248-57.
Krenz, E. W. (1984). Improving competitive performance with hypnotic suggestions and modified autogenic: Case reports. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 27(1), 58-63.
Scott, J. A. (1984). Hypnotherapy training for basketball: An experimental approach. Medical Hypnoanalysis, 5(3), 109-116.
Auto-hypnosis in long distance runners. Callen KE. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 1983 Jul;26(1):30-6.
Pearson, P. (1983). Practical applications of hypnosis in sporting performance. Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy & Hypnosis, 4(1), 13-19.
Hypnotic projection in sport. Saxon L. Australian Family Physician. 1981 Mar;10(3):185-7.
The relationship between posthypnotic suggestion and endurance in physically trained subjects. Jackson JA, Gass GC, Camp EM. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 1979 Jul;27(3):278-93.
Garver, R. B. (1977). The enhancement of human performance with hypnosis through neuromotor facilitation and control of arousal level. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 19(3), 177-181.
A comparative study of hypnosis and relaxation. Mather MD, Degun GS. The British Journal of Medical Psychology. 1975 Mar;48(1):55-63.
[Possibilities of use of hypnosis in the training of athletes in sports requiring dexterity] [Article in Italian]. Calderaro G. Minerva Med. 1972 Mar 3;63(16):986-7.
[Hypnosis in sports. An orientational test] Minerva Med. 1969 Feb 7;60(11):491-4. [Article in Italian]. Frezza P.
The hypnotic treatment of stage fright in champion athletes. Naruse G. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. 1965 Apr;13(2):63-70. Abstract
A Personal Study Of Some Uses Of Hypnosis In Sport And Sports Injuries. Ryde D. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1964 Dec;128:241-6.
Johnson, W. R., & Kramer, G. F. (1961). Effects of stereotyped non-hypnotic, hypnotic, and posthypnotic suggestions upon strength, power, and endurance. Research Quarterly of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, & Recreation, 32, 522-529.
A practical method of using set. Yates, D. H. Journal of Applied Psychology. 1943 Dec Vol 27(6) 512-519.